This document is about: FUSION 2


This section describes main components available in the Interest Management addon.

relationship between interest management components

The diagram above shows relationship between components from high-level perspective and their usage.

Interest Shape

  • Defines area/volume of interest that will be added upon evaluation to target player's interest and converted to Interest Cells (see below).
  • Shapes are linked to Interest Providers and Player Interest Views.
  • Three basic shapes available:
    • InterestShpere
    • InterestBox
    • InterestCone
  • Custom shape can be implemented by deriving from InterestShape class.
interest sphere

Interest Provider

  • Provides interest related to a specific object in the world. Typically an area around that object.
  • Base InterestProvider implements:
    • List of InterestShape references.
    • No filtering rules by default, the interest is processed for all players when evaluated.
  • Custom provider is implemented by deriving from InterestProvider class and overriding bool IsPlayerInterested() method.
  • Global providers (toggle IsGlobal enabled) are automatically registered to GlobalInterestManager and evaluated for all players.
  • Providers nesting is supported by linking Child Providers.

Following image shows custom InterestByDistance provider which adds interest of linked InterestBox shape if a player is within 300m (property VisibilityDistance) from the object:

custom interest provider

Following image shows another example of scene objects providing interest to a player based on distance and view angle:

interest provider example
  1. PlayerInterestManager and PlayerInterestView are on Agent object and provide base interest from player perspective - the cone view.
  2. Tower objects have a component derived from InterestProvider which implements filtering rules.
  3. One tower is in player's view within a specific angle and distance => its interest area (Tower's Interest - defined by that tower) is added to the player's interest and all objects in that area will be replicated.
  4. The other tower outside of player's view is not included and objects in that area won't be replicated.

Player Interest View

  • Special type of interest provider (derived from InterestProvider class) that is reserved for players - Input Authority must be valid.
  • Provides current position of the player and his view/camera. These information are essential for filtering which player is interested in which InterestProvider.
  • There might be more views per player spawned at the same time, but only one can be active - registered in PlayerInterestManager.InterestView.
  • This component is typically added to the player character prefab and represents his default view, for example cones that match camera frustum.
  • Automatically registered to GlobalInterestManager and available for filtering.

Following image shows PlayerInterestView on player prefab with references to near and far cones (interest shapes), which cover camera frustum (near cone) and increased visibility towards center of the screen (far cone):

player interest view

Following image explains usage of PlayerInterestView:

player interest views
  1. In the first case the Player Interest Manager points to left Player Interest View. The player uses interest defined by that view.
  2. In the second case the Player Interest Manager switched active interest view (PlayerInterestManager.InterestView property) to the right one and started using interest of that view.
  3. This makes features like spectator or switching between multiple characters (one active at a time) very easy to implement from interest management perspective.

Player Interest Manager

  • Main component that drives evaluation of interest for a specific player - Input Authority must be valid.
  • There is always exactly one PlayerInterestManager instance per player.
  • Holds reference to active PlayerInterestView.
  • Automatically registered to GlobalInterestManager and available for filtering.
  • Provides runtime information in inspector and scene view (gizmos).
  • This component is typically on the same object as PlayerInterestView.
  • In more advanced cases this component can be added to a special player object - different from character object(s). PlayerInterestView which resides on character object is then registered dynamically from code at runtime.
player interest manager

Global Interest Manager

  • Global manager (singleton) which resides on NetworkRunner.
  • Stores references and provides access to Player Interest Managers, Player Interest Views and global Interest Providers.
global interest manager

Interest Cells

The player's interest is built by combination of common geometric shapes - sphere, box, cone. However Fusion's interest system works internally with a 3D grid of Interest Cells. Converting interest shapes to cells produces a side effect - the actual area replicated to client is always bigger than area defined by shapes.

Let's compare area covered by cone shapes (representing first person view) and resulting interest cells:

cell size = 32m, interest cells = 28
Cell Size = 32m, Total Interest Cells = 28

You can see that the area replicated to a client (green boxes) is much bigger than what was designed with cones. This difference can be reduced by lowering cell size of Fusion's interest system.

cell size = 16m, interest cells = 80
Cell Size = 16m, Total Interest Cells = 80

In first case (Cell Size = 32m) the resulting volume synchronized equals to 917 504 m3. In second case (Cell Size = 16m) the resulting volume synchronized equals to 327 680 m3 which is 65% less and may have some impact on network traffic. On the other side, CPU must process more cells.


Generally it is hard to tell what settings and shapes should be used, this must be fine tuned specifically for each game to get best results.

Following factors come into play:

  • CPU budget.
  • Overall map size.
  • Density of networked objects.
  • Environment design - objects blocking player's view.
  • Number of global interest providers.
  • Player count.
  • ...

Lowering cell size better reflects designed shapes and generally reduces network traffic (replicated less objects outside the player's view), but requires more CPU power. The Interest Management however provides ways to optimize that:

  • Interest cells evaluated for an Interest Shape are automatically cached and reused if the shape properties remain static (position, radius, ...). Full evaluation is executed on demand.
  • Player Interest Manager supports interlaced evaluation by overriding bool CanUpdatePlayerInterest(). This can be used to defer evaluation until the player moves by X, rotates by Y or to split execution with other subsystems between even/odd ticks.
  • When the scene design is complete, it can be post-processed to optimize specific areas with well defined visibility. However this process requires more effort.
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