The Physics settings can be edited in the
Map Asset associated with a Scene in its
Map Data script, and in the
Simulation Config Asset linked in the
Quantum Runner script.
The settings in the
Map are specific to a given scene, while the
Simulation Config can be shared among multiple scenes.
The scene's playable area related settings can be found in the scene's
MapData script or the
Map Asset slotted in the Asset field.
World Size, tweaking these settings should only be a concern if the physics simulation is a bottleneck in your game.
|World Size||The physics scene size in the bucketing axis. The broad phase is clamped by a bounding box of all physics entries between
In the non bucketing axis, the physics world is only limited by the value range of
|Buckets Count||The amount of buckets used in the broad phase, which are resolved in parallel. Use a reasonable amount according to how many physics entries (colliders) you have. Too many buckets and the handling overhead increases without any performance gain because there are only few entries in each one; too few buckets and there will be an excessive amount of entries in each, slowing down the broad phase performance.|
|Buckets Subdivisions||Regular queries (overlaps and raycasts) use a stabbing approach for checking as few entries as possible in the buckets subdivisions. Tweak the number in accordance with the expected amount of entries and regular queries you perform. Too many subdivisions will add overhead without performance, while too few will result in queries taking longer to resolve, because they will have to check too many entries.|
NOTE on Buckets Count & Buckets Subdivisions
The default buckets count and bucket subdivisions values (16 buckets with 8 subdivisions) are usually good for up to 1~2K entries. You should thus not have to worry about tweaking them unless the physics are the bottleneck of your game. In that case, use the Task Profiler for evaluating the performance and tweak the values based on the findings (broad phase and regular queries resolution respectively).
|Bucketing Axis||Physics entries are put into buckets according to their position in the bucketing axis.|
|Sorting Axis||The queries in a bucket are sorted according to their position in the sorting axis.|
NOTE on Bucketing Axis & Sorting Axis
The Y-Axis represents the vertical axis of the physics simulation. In 2D this is equal to the Y-Axis, whereas in 3D the Y-Axis is mapped to the Z-Axis as the 3D space partitioning is performed on the XZ-Plane.
Choose these a bucketing and sorting axis based on how the entries are spread out in the world. Selecting a different axis for bucketing and sorting (e.g. X-Y or Y-X) is good for uniformly spread entries across that plane. If entries are concentrated in one axis, consider using the same axis for both bucketing and sorting.
|Triangle Mesh Cell Size||Defines the size of the cells into which the 3D triangle soup is divided. This number should be adapted based on how dense the meshes' triangles density to get a reasonable amount of triangles per cell.
For better visualization enable related fields in the
This will affect the performance of both the broad phase and regular queries. Use the Task Profiler to analyse the performance and find the most suitable number for your game.
SimulationConfig data asset contains an extensive set of settings for the physics engines:
Layers and the corresponding Layer Collision Matrix can be imported from Unity ones. Once imported, the Collision Matrix can be edited directly in the settings.
In this section we are covering some general considerations to take when optimizing your physics settings for enhanced performance:
- Collision Matrix, make sure to only enable collisions between layers that actually require to be checked against each other;
- Angular Velocity (physics controlled rotation), disabling this option leads to faster and more stable physics simulation;
- Kinematic Entities, use kinematic entities rather than dynamic entities whenever possible. Kinematics do not check for collisions against each other, unless one of them is a trigger kinematic.
- Raycasts, use reasonable distances for rays to prevent them from becoming a bottleneck.
- PhysicsBody, enabling resting bodies in the settings allows resting entities to be excluded from collisions checks and reduce the load on the collision detection system. Resting bodies can be awaken again by either another moving body, or by code.
- Thread Count, tweaking this options allows to raise the amount of threads available to the Quantum Simulation at runtime.
- Profiler, run it on your code systems before and during performance tweaks. Bottlenecks are often tied to custom code rather than the physics engine. Furthermore, the profiler helps to identify which settings work best under the game specific load.