PUN Classic (v1), PUN 2 and Bolt are in maintenance mode. PUN 2 will support Unity 2019 to 2022, but no new features will be added. Of course all your PUN & Bolt projects will continue to work and run with the known performance in the future. For any upcoming or new projects: please switch to Photon Fusion or Quantum.
bolt | current

Frequently Asked Questions


  • Photon Cloud
  • Photon Bolt
  • Billing
    • Which Photon product is the right one for me?

      The answer to this depends mostly on your project and team. Generally, we suggest to use either Fusion or Quantum, which are our most advanced client solutions.

      For a quick overview, both product sheets contain the product picker "Quadrant":

      Additionally, this page discusses using the Photon Cloud or Photon Server?.

      Feel free to reach out to us for any questions.

      Photon Cloud

      Is Photon Cloud down?

      You can check Photon Cloud status here or follow @photon_status on twitter to get notified about status updates.

      What is the default Photon region?

      Clients should be able to connect to Photon Cloud as long as at least one region is available. So to guarantee this, a default value is configured or is used when the developer does not explicitly set one or choose "Best Region" option. The default value could vary by client SDK. In native SDKs, it is the value at index 0 of the region list returned by server in OpGetRegions. On Unity and DotNet SDKs, the default region should be "EU".

      Is it possible to disable some regions?

      Yes. It works in the other way around by defining a list of allowed regions. Read more about the "Dashboard Regions Filtering".

      Photon Bolt

      What is the Strict Comparison?

      Strict comparison does (a.x != b.x) || (a.y != b.y) || (a.z != b.z) instead of using the built in a != b comparison for vectors which does an approximate. It is useful if you have very small changes that you need replicated.

      Is there a way to make a redistributable Bolt Server build?

      Yes, Bolt support the creation of headless servers, so you will be able to run it on any computer you want. If you are using Bolt Free, that uses Photon Cloud, this will just publish a room so other players can join, if you are using Bolt Pro, you can still run it locally or on any cloud service, just need a way to transmit to other players on which IP to connect to.

      We also have a simple Headless server sample available here.

      Do I need to lag compensate projectiles like rockets?

      For weapons that fire projectiles, lag compensation is more problematic. For instance, if the projectile lives autonomously on the server, then what time space should the projectile live in? Does every other player need to be "moved backward" every time the projectile is ready to be simulated and moved by the server? If so, how far backward in time should the other players be moved? These are interesting questions to consider. In Half-Life, we avoided them; we simply don't lag compensate projectile objects (that's not to say that we don't predict the sound of you firing the projectile on the client, just that the actual projectile is not lag compensated in any way). More info here

      How to clear all Bolt Assets on a project?

      All Bolt assets are serialized into the project.json file, so to clear out:

      1. Close Unity;
      2. Delete the <Project Folder>/Assets/Photon/PhotonBolt/project.json file;
      3. Open Unity;
      4. Compile Bolt, Bolt/Compile Assembly menu;

      What is the recommended configuration for using Bolt Free for headless servers on EC2?

      >Firewall Configuration
      Firewall Configuration.


      Here is a list of small pieces of code that can help you to develop your game.

      How to Teleport?

      By default, Bolt will automatically interpolate/extrapolate an entity when the distance it moves is less than the Teleport Threshold specified in the entity. Anything over this it forces a teleport which skips smoothing, and this happens automatically. You can force a teleport with Bolt.IState.SetTeleport(NetworkTransform transform) which essentially queues up a request for the next position update sent to the client to force a teleport regardless of settings (for one send tick - the flag gets set back to false after it is sent).

      void Teleport(Vector3 newPosition)
          player.transform.position = newPosition

      How do you know if there are no sessions when searching if SessionListUpdated does not get called in that case?

      For example, before 1.2.9, if you’ve set the room list update to 5 seconds, you would need to wait for 5 seconds to receive the callback. Then you will know that there are no sessions available. Now, starting on Photon Bolt 1.2.9, you can just start a coroutine process when you’ve connected to wait the same 5 seconds.

      We've included an example implementation on the basic menu script that comes with the Getting Started sample. Here is a the main parts:

      public class Menu : Bolt.GlobalEventListener
          private Coroutine _timerRoutine;
          // ...
          public override void BoltStartDone()
              // ...
              if (BoltNetwork.IsClient)
                  // This will start a server after 10secs of wait if no server was found
                  _timerRoutine = StartCoroutine(ShutdownAndStartServer());
          public override void BoltShutdownBegin(AddCallback registerDoneCallback)
              registerDoneCallback(() =>
          public override void SessionListUpdated(Map<Guid, UdpSession> sessionList)
              // Stop background routine if a server was found
              if (_timerRoutine != null)
                  _timerRoutine = null;

      How to set a specific port when starting a Game Server?

      When running a Photon Bolt instance as a Game Server, you are able to configure which IP/port the peer will try to bind. This is useful if you are hosting your game on Cloud Service, for example, and have a limited range of ports to use.

      By default, Bolt will let the Operating System elect a port to bound the internal socket, but this can be overwritten by calling the right overload of BoltLauncher.StartServer, as shown below:

      public static class BoltLauncher
      // ...
          public static void StartServer(int port = -1);
          public static void StartServer(UdpEndPoint endpoint, string scene = null);
          public static void StartServer(UdpEndPoint endpoint, BoltConfig config, string scene = null);
      // ...

      So, you could start your server this way:

      void StartBoltServer()
          // Custom Port number
          BoltLauncher.StartServer(<custom port>);
          // OR
          // Custom IP and Port number
          BoltLauncher.StartServer(new UdpEndPoint(UdpIPv4Address.Parse("<custom IP>"), <custom port>))

      How to change the Bolt Default Configuration using Code?

      If you want to customize the bolt configuration through code before starting your server or client, you can do so by calling BoltRuntimeSettings.GetConfigCopy, modifying the returned object and then passing it as the last argument to StartClient or StartServer.

      You have access to more settings that are not exposed in the Bolt Settings window through code.

          BoltConfig config = BoltRuntimeSettings.instance.GetConfigCopy();
          // change any settings you want on the config object here,
          // be aware that bolt will not verify/limit any settings when you do
          // it directly in code, so you can break things completely by supplying
          // incorrect/invalid config values.
          BoltLauncher.StartServer(new UdpEndPoint(UdpIPv4Address.Any, 27000), config);

      How to detect an Internet Connection Lost in Bolt?

      By default, when you lost the connection with the internet, Bolt will detect the lack of connection with the Photon Cloud service and with the remote server or clients. In all the cases, the local instance will be shutdown after the timeout occurs, this mainly depends on the side of the connection (server or client) and the connection type.

      At shutdown, you will receive the following callback on any Bolt.GlobalEventListener currently running on the scene:

      public override void BoltShutdownBegin(AddCallback registerDoneCallback, UdpConnectionDisconnectReason disconnectReason)
          registerDoneCallback(() =>
              // Will show disconnect reason.
              Debug.LogFormat("Shutdown Done with Reason: {0}", disconnectReason);
              // Show the current connectivity of the peer
              // Lods the Scene at index 0
      void ConnectivityCheck()
          if (Application.internetReachability == NetworkReachability.NotReachable)
          else if (Application.internetReachability == NetworkReachability.ReachableViaCarrierDataNetwork)
          else if (Application.internetReachability == NetworkReachability.ReachableViaLocalAreaNetwork)

      To check if you have disconnected by the lack of Internet Connection, take a look at the Application.internetReachability property available through the Unity API.


      Do you have special offers for students, hobbyists or indies?

      All our products have a free tier and a one-off entry-plan. We also usually take part in Unity's asset store sales and occasionally give vouchers to lucky ones.

      Can I combine more than one 100 CCU plan for a single Photon application?

      No. The 100 CCU plans are not stackable and can be applied only once per AppId. If you purchase multiple PUN+ asset seats then you must redeem each 100 free CCU for a separate AppId. If you need more CCU for a single app, the next higher plan is the 500 CCU one. If you subscribe to a monthly or yearly plan, then you will still keep the 100 CCUs for 12 months on top of / in addition to the CCU from your monthly/yearly plan.

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